Paper/ The EU Trapped in the Venezuelan Labyrinth: Challenges to Finding a Way Out by Anna Ayuso, Marianne Riddervold and Elsa Lilja Gunnarsdottir


In this new JOINT Report, Anna Ayuso (Barcelona Centre for International Affairs – CIDOB), Marianne Riddervold and Elsa Lilja Gunnarsdottir (Norwegian Institute of International Affairs – NUPI) assess the strengths, limits and future of EU policy towards Venezuela, which has not been able to reach its full potential due to geopolitical rivalries, intra-EU divisions and regional fragmentation.

The EU’s focus has been to promote dialogue between government and opposition, support mediation, sanctions and provision of humanitarian aid. Results, however, have not matched ambitions.

Thus, the EU needs a clearer, knowledge-based action plan that considers all different factors affecting the development of the crisis. It should also continue to back mediation processes, actively support initiatives such as the Mexico talks and engage in dialogue with other countries in the region who may contribute constructively to a solution of the crisis.


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