JOINT Briefs

Afghanistan, AUKUS and European Strategic Autonomy

Security and defence are increasingly grabbing the spotlight in European public debates. In just a few weeks, the withdrawal of Western forces from Afghanistan and the deal between Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States (AUKUS) to share nuclear submarine technology and step up their security partnership in the Indo-Pacific have reinvigorated the debate […]

JOINT Briefs

Identity and Transitional Justice in the Horn of Africa and Libya

Identity and conflict shape each other. This is evident in the historical trajectory of the Horn of Africa (HoA) – notably in the conflicts in the Gambella region, between Ethiopia and Eritrea, in Somalia and Tigray – as well as of Libya during and after the long autocratic rule of Muammar Gaddafi.[1] The nexus between […]

JOINT Papers

Conceptualising the Multi-Actor Character of EU(rope)’s Foreign Policy

While there exists a plethora of theories aiming to make sense of the European Union and its foreign policy, no single existing theory has yet managed to capture the multi-actorness of what can be referred to as “the broader area of EU and European foreign and security policy”. A conceptual framework building on the current […]

JOINT Papers

The Internal Contestation of EU Foreign and Security Policy

A Literature Review of the Implications of Intra-EU Contestation on Crises and Conflicts Abstract: A certain amount of political disagreement and internal debate within the member states has always been part of EU (foreign and security) policy-making. Over the past few years, however, domestic actors have fundamentally challenged, undermined and even reversed established EU norms, […]

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