Brief/ Iran’s Retaliatory Attack on Israel Puts the Middle East on the Brink by Riccardo Alcaro

While the full consequences of Iran’s attacks against Israel are still unfolding, in this JOINT Brief, Riccardo Alcaro (JOINT Project Coordinator & Head of Research, Istituto Affari Internazionali) draws some preliminary reflections on whether Iran has gained something or the attack has been strategic setback. Israel claims to have intercepted the vast majority of the […]


Brief/ Rhetorical Confrontation Is No Substitute for the EU’s Iran Policy by Riccardo Alcaro

The EU’s Iran policy has been in a bind since any hope for reactivating the 2015 nuclear deal dissipated. The EU is unable to articulate its rhetorical confrontation with Iran into policies that actually help pursue its composite set of interests with regard to Iran, which now extend beyond nuclear proliferation and Middle Eastern stability […]


Event/ EU and Ukraine in the Multipolar and Turbulent World: Challenges for Global Security

The ongoing open warfare in Europe, conflicts in the Middle East and growing tensions in different regions all over the world threaten the international security order and the system of international law. In the Public Event organised by School for Policy Analysis – National University Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, in the framework of the JOINT project, we […]


Webinar/ Re-imagining EU Foreign and Security Policy in a Complex and Contested World

On 5 April 2024, from 5:00 to 6:15 PM CEST, The International Spectator, Istituto Affari Internazionali’s peer-reviewed journal, presents its latest special issue (March 2024) “Re-imagining EU Foreign and Security Policy in a Complex and Contested World,” based on JOINT project’s case study research. The webinar aims to offer selected speakers and the public a […]


Brief/ Ukraine’s NATO Membership Will Strengthen Europe’s Security by Riccardo Alcaro

Although NATO Summit in Vilnius has not set the conditions for Ukraine to join the Alliance, it has made clear that Ukraine will one day become a member. In this JOINT Brief, Riccardo Alcaro (Project Coordinator, Istituto Affari Internazionali – IAI) argues that, for years to come, European security will have to be built in defence from […]


Brief/ A Critical Juncture: EU’s Venezuela Policy Following the War in Ukraine by Anna Ayuso, Tiziano Breda, Elsa Lilja Gunnarsdottir and Marianne Riddervold

EU’s goal in Venezuela has been to promote a negotiated democratic transition, but it has been unable to foster it. The change of the US Venezuela policy under Biden, the shift towards the left in most new Latin American governments, and EU’s need to diversify its energy supplies after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, have provided an opening […]


Podcast/ Multipolar Competition’s Impact on EU Foreign Policy: Lessons from Ukraine, Iran and the South China Sea

Recent years have witnessed the return of competition between the world’s most powerful states, which is exerting a significant impact on EU foreign and security policy and constraining the EU’s room for manoeuvre as well. The advent of an increasingly multipolar world also raises questions about the reach of the EU’s interests and influence — […]


Paper/ Ethiopia and the Tigray War: Limits and Challenges of EU Policy in a Fragmented and Contested Region by Francesca Caruso and Jesutimilehin O. Akamo

The EU and its member states have traditionally looked at Ethiopia as a strategic partner for regional stability. Yet, this assumption has led the Europeans to neglect Ethiopia’s internal dynamics. In this JOINT Report, Francesca Caruso (Istituto Affari Internazionali – IAI) and Jesutimilehin O. Akamo (Institute for Peace and Security Studies – IPSS) assess Ethiopia’s […]


Brief/ Not Yet Time for Diplomacy. Lessons from Italy’s Ill-Conceived Peace Plan for Ukraine by Riccardo Alcaro and Nona Mikhelidze

In this new JOINT Brief, Riccardo Alcaro (JOINT Coordinator) and Nona Mikhelidze (IAI Senior Fellow) analyze Italy’s stillborn peace plan for Ukraine, arguing that it holds a lesson for EU: time is not yet ripe for diplomacy with Russia. Here’s the main findings:1. In its pursuit for a quick end to hostilities, the peace plan anticipated arguments […]


Brief/Russia–Ukraine Talks and the Indispensable Role of the US and Europe by Riccardo Alcaro

In this new JOINT Brief, Riccardo Alcaro analyses the role of the EU and the US in the Russia-Ukraine talks, underlining that US and EU’s goals should now be: to end the war, to ensure Ukraine’s security and to stabilise the antagonism with Russia.


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