Brief/ Challenges Ahead for the EU in Syria – Aid, Sanctions and Normalisation by Özlem Tür

There is an ongoing and robust debate regarding whether the EU should reconsider its sanctions policy towards Syria. This reconsideration spans various aspects, including the efficacy of sanctions, the EU’s role in reconstruction efforts, and the potential normalisation of relations., writes Özlem Tür (Professor, Middle East Technical University, Ankara) in this new JOINT Brief.

JOINT Briefs

Challenges Ahead for the EU in Syria – Aid, Sanctions and Normalisation

In May 2023, Arab leaders who had called for ousting Syria’s President Bashar al-Assad during the previous decade warmly welcomed him at the Arab League Summit and agreed to normalise diplomatic ties with Damascus. Syria’s return to the League strengthened Assad’s embattled rule while seriously weakening the opposition and those who still call for inclusive […]

JOINT Briefs

The EU and the Ukraine War: Making Sense of the Rise of a “Geopolitical” Union

By ordering Russian armed forces into Ukraine, President Vladimir Putin has arguably made the greatest blunder of his twenty-two-year long rule. The Russian president seems to have underestimated not just Ukraine’s capacity to resist the invasion, but also the resolve of the United States and its partners to oppose it.[1] If that is indeed the […]


Brief/Europe’s Post-Cold War Order is No More by Riccardo Alcaro

For Europe, the latest events in Ukraine are the harbinger of the end of an era. Diplomacy never runs its course. But as things stand now, the focus of the United States and Europe should be on economic retaliation and NATO deterrence and defence, argues JOINT Coordinator Riccardo Alcaro in this JOINT Brief.


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