Regional Fragmentation: Syria, Libya and Horn of Africa Case Studies

JOINT will analyse how regional fragmentation constitutes a major constraining factor to:

  • EU mediation efforts in Syria.
  • EU mediation efforts in Libya.
  • EU initiatives to support stabilisation in the Horn of Africa

Syria and Libya feature situations in which state authority is contested or has collapsed, whereas the situation in the Horn is more complex, with functioning states like Ethiopia co-existing with failed states like Somalia. They present multiple and complex challenges: increased interstate tensions, proliferation of violent extremist and terrorist groups, illicit trafficking of humans, drugs and arms, and piracy.

JOINT will examine the established EU consensus and how member states pursue their own interests as well as the interplay between the policies of EU institutions and member states. 

This analysis will aim at identifying ways to improve coordination between EU institutions and member states to reduce fragmentation in Syria, Libya and the Horn of Africa.

Challenges Ahead for the EU in Syria – Aid, Sanctions and Normalisation Read More
The EU’s Entry Point into the Post-Tigray War Context Read More
Resolving Libya’s Legitimacy Crisis: 2023 Elections as a Pathway for Peace and Democratisation? Read More
Syria: A Multifaceted and Challenging Crisis for EU Foreign and Security Policy Read More
Ethiopia and the Tigray War: Limits and Challenges of EU Policy in a Fragmented and Contested Region Read More
The Vicious Circle of Fragmentation: The EU and the Limits of Its Approach to Libya Read More
The EU as an (In)Significant Player in Libya Read More
Laying the Groundwork for Peace in a Fragmented Libya Read More
Identity and Transitional Justice in the Horn of Africa and Libya Read More


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